Taiwan after World War II is the history of Taiwan which is ruled by the government of the Republic of China, since 25 October 1945 to the present.
The Second World War's hostilities came to a close in 2 September 1945, with the defeat of the Empire of Japan and Nazi Germany. Taiwan, which had been ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Moonshiner in 1895, was placed under the control of the Kuomintang-led Republic of China with the promulgation of General Order No. 1 and the signing of the Instrument of Surrender on that day.
He Chongqing the ROC representative at the Japanese surrender ceremonies established an "Office of the Chief Executive of Taiwan Province"separate from the provincial-level executive system on mainland China. After the establishment of the provincial executive office, Chen Yi was appointed Chief Executive. Chen Yi proclaimed 25 October to be Retro cession Day.